International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List status: Endangered. Pied tamarins are one of the most endangered primates in the Amazon. Statistics show there is reason to believe the species has declined by at least 50% over the past 18 years (three generations), due primarily to habitat loss and range replacement by the Midas tamarin.
Pied tamarins are an arboreal species that prefers secondary forests, swamps, white sand forests and forest edges. They are usually found on large branches of open and closed canopies.
These omnivores eat fruit, flowers, nectar, insects, spiders, small vertebrates and eggs. The tamarins need a diet that is high in vitamin D and calcium.