Humans are the adult boa constrictor's only enemy. They are hunted for their skins, killed for food or simply out of fear of them. They are also killed by farmers, as the boa kills chickens and other livestock.
The boa constrictor can be found throughout Central America: eastern Ecuador, northern and eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, Brazil, central and eastern Columbia, Venezuela, the Guianas and Trinidad and Tobago. The preferred habitat is wet tropical forest but it can also be found in deserts, open savanna and cultivated fields.
Boas feed on large lizards, small or moderate-sized birds, opposums, bats, mongooses, rats and squirrels.