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Nicobar pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica)

Nicobar pigeon
Nicobar pigeon
Personal information
There is one male and one female here at the Zoo. The male, born in 2010, came to the Zoo in 2011, while the female, born in 2008, arrived in 2013.

Status in the wild
Listed as Near Threatened; CITES: Appendix I by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Threats to this animal are: trapping for food and for their gizzard stone which is used in jewelry and for the illegal pet trade. This bird's available nesting habitat of offshore islands is decreasing due to plantation logging, construction activity and pollution by nearby industries.


International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List status: Near threatened. Nicobar pigeons can be found in South Asia, in most of the Indo-Australian region from the Nicobar Islands and Mergui archipelago eastward to the Philippines, New Guinea and and Solomon Islands. Throughout this range, this bird can be found mainly in small, wooded islands but can be found in mangroves, lowland and foothill forests.

Hard seeds, grains, berries and small invertebrates.

  • The Nicobar pigeon is one of the largest pigeon species, ranging from 32 to 35 cm in length.
  • These birds have the ability to immerse their bills in water to drink, so they do not need to sip water like many other bird species.
  • Nicobar pigeons are monogamous and tend to mate for life.