African Penguin

(Spheniscuc demersus)

Seneca Park Zoo is home to a thriving colony of African penguins. Our Zoo is one of the top breeders of African penguins in the United States, therefore the number of individuals is always changing. Their habitat is outdoors along the Rocky Coasts.

Animal Facts


African penguins are carnivorous, eating fish and crustaceans. They rely heavily on sardines and anchovies, which are being overfished by humans.

Status in The Wild

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List status

African penguins live in large colonies along the coast of southern Africa, and prefer water temperatures between 40°F and 70°F. They use their own excrement, called guano, to build nests under bushes and rocks.

The biggest threats to African penguins are rising sea temperatures, overfishing, and oil spills.