Olive Baboon

(Papio anubis)

Mammals | East Africa

Animal Info

Seneca Park Zoo has a troop of 11 baboons: 6 females (Pimento, Pearl, Sabina, Peperella, Olive Oil, Olivella) and 5 males (Mansino, Jefferson Jr., Kalamata, Samson, Pico-de-Limon). Pimento, the dominant female, is most established in the baboon hierarchy. The baboons are mostly active during the day. They can be seen playing with the enrichment toys, running and grooming one another.

Status in the Wild

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List status: Lower risk; Least concern. The olive baboon is the most widespread African primate.


Found in 25 countries throughout equatorial Africa, the olive baboon inhabits the African grasslands called the savannah.


Olive baboons have a diverse omnivorous diet. They eat everything from plants, flowers, fruits, shoots and twigs, insects, lizards, frogs and turtles.

The Zoo uses science to learn more about baboons.

Did you know?

Olive baboons live in groups of 15 to 150, with many females, a few males and the offspring.

Social hierarchy is important to baboons. Males fight to establish dominance, whereas females inherit dominance from their mothers.

The olive baboon is so named for its coat, which is a grey-green color from a distance.

Males are larger than females, weighing on average 53 pounds, whereas the female weighs on average 33 pounds.

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